The idea that vampires are dead has been a long held belief that continues today. This misconception is hardly surprising, however, due to the drastic changes that turn a normal human into a vampire. These changes make the vampire a faster, stronger and generally more capable that normal humans. Although these changes are little more than short bursts that cost the vampire a lot of energy to achieve. The change happens over a 6 to 12 month period depending on the individual and sees changes in many of the major bodily functions. For instance the heart gets bigger, and decreases in rate, the bowels wither to become redundant, while the kidneys learn to filter the nutrients from a blood diet. The vampire ceases to produce solid waste, but continues to urinate pale red urine. All senses are heightened and most gain an unnaturally long life. The younger a vampire is when turned, the longer he/she is likely to live. This longevity is thought to mostly to do with the high level of regeneration that the change gives the vampire. Damage is immediately healed and it is this ability that allows normal bodily functions to continue with little failure. The health of the individual at the time of the change is also said to have an effect. Good genetics with little damage to DNA will also add to the vampire’s ability to live a long time. With all of this growing evidence and scientific fact, there remains an inexplicable mystical side to vampires demonstrated most strongly through their powers. Powers of the mind and Body as well as the use of ‘magic’ are all an excepted part of vampire life and all of which are poorly explained by scientific reasoning.
Unlike various Hollywood incarnations, garlic or crosses do not repel vampires, while a stake through the heart would kill anything. However, sunlight is a problem. For the first few years of the vampire existence, however, most are able to function, albeit in a limited way, in sunlight. Only later in life does intolerance to sunlight develop and even then, there are some individuals who have never developed this intolerance.
The two chemicals involved in the process of change that makes a human into a vampire are contained in the vampire’s saliva and blood. Separately neither has any effect on the victim. Once both have been either ingested or introduced in to the blood stream, they mix to create a third chemical and it is this that begins the transformation. The problem is that the third chemical is highly toxic and kills 60% of all those so infected. The ones that make it through the first 48 – 60 hours will likely survive.
The first stage is to get the victim to a state of mind where they can be easily encouraged to ingest the vampire’s blood. This is achieved through the transfer of saliva. A vampire’s saliva contains chemicals that make the victim highly suggestible. This is similar to Rohypnol, only much more powerful. A fairly passionate kiss is required to transfer enough saliva. The chemical then takes 3 – 4 minutes to start taking effect. Over the next hour, the victim becomes more and more suggestible. During this time the vampire will usually feed. This has the effect of introducing more of the vampire’s saliva directly into the blood stream, increasing the susceptibility of the victim. Then the vampire encourages the victim to drink his/her blood. Now the victim has both ingested and had the vampires saliva introduced into the blood stream. The blood that he/she drinks mixes with the ingested saliva and with the saliva in the bloodstream as it gets filtered through the digestive tract. By now, the victim’s fate is sealed. He/she will have about a 40% chance of survival. If they survive, they undergo a painful process that begins transformation.